Using Screencasting to Enhance Online Learning

Using Screencasting to Enhance Online Learning

How can screencasting enhance my online course?

Screencasting tools allow you to make a video by recording your computer screen and your voice. You may be providing a tutorial or demonstration for students or simply recording your voice over lecture slides or other content. Screencasting can also include your webcam, which is a great way to increase instructor presence in online or blended courses.

In the study, "Student Perceptions of the Use of Instructor-Made Videos in Online and Face-to-Face Classes" from 2009, it was found that 100% online students surveyed:

  • Viewed the videos posted in class
  • Watched the videos more than one time
  • Viewed the videos offering topic introductions
  • Viewed the Q&A videos
  • Viewed the video for explanations of course requirements

From the study:

Attitudes about Instructor-Made Videos

When asked how they felt about the instructor-made videos, 100% of the students surveyed indicated some level of agreement with the statement, “The instructor-made videos helped me understand the material better.” (Please see Table 2 for range and means of scores for entire sample and Table 3 for a detailed breakdown of frequency responses for online and face-to-face students). When asked about their level of agreement with the statement, “The instructor-made videos made me feel like I knew the instructor better” 100% indicated some level of agreement. Seventy-eight percent (77.8%) of students surveyed indicated some level of agreement with the statement, “The instructor-made videos helped me do better on the assignments/exams.” and when asked if they felt the videos made the class more interactive, 100% indicated some level of agreement with that statement. One hundred percent of the respondents indicated some level of agreement with the statement, “I think I learned better because I could view the instructor-made videos” and 88.8% felt that the videos enriched course materials. Finally, while only 22.2% indicated agreement that they preferred learning through the instructor-made videos more than through an in-class lecture, 44.4% of the respondents indicated agreement with the desire for the instructor to use more instructor-made videos in the class. None of the respondents felt that the instructor-made videos were too long, nor did any of the online respondents agree with the statement that the instructor-made videos were a waste of time.

How do I create Lecture Screencasts?

The steps to create a screencast are similar to planning for your in-class lectures, but will also add some technical components for recording, saving and presenting the final videos. Some faculty use their current course lecture PowerPoints and lecture over them as they would lecture in a classroom. Some find it useful to type out a script or outline of the lecture to use as a guide when recording; a script may also be useful in creating a transcript for accessibility.

In "7 Things You Should Know About: Microlectures" Educause advises faculty to create short recorded audio or video on single or defined topics. In online courses it is found that recording class lectures in 10-15 minute blocks is advisable. There are a few advantages to shorter recorded lectures. One is that faculty can reuse these lectures in multiple courses and reorder them in new course designs. Another is that they give students the ability to review topics as needed to fully learn course material. 

There are many ways to create screencasts. In working with faculty we look at what type of technology they are using and then assist in training using the tools they are used to. See the information below to assist you in choosing which technology you will use to create your screencast video. Faculty may choose other software to record, below are suggestions from Academic Innovations & eLearning.

  • PC User Options for Screencasting

    At UA faculty have free access to the Microsoft Office 365 software, the full download comes with Microsoft PowerPoint. There is a free plug-in from Microsoft called OfficeMix. OfficeMix allows for screencasting and other recording options that allows the user to easily voice record over slides. Also available to faculty is the new Kaltura: CaptureSpace desktop recording tool which is complatable with PC OS systems.

    Currently ADA compliant captioning can also be created with both Kaltura: My Media and YouTube captioning tools. 

  • MAC User Options for Screencasting

    MAC computers come with Quicktime software. With the newest update Quicktime has a "screencast" option that allows the user to record any open software or webbrowser on the screen. Also available to faculty is the new Kaltura: CaptureSpace desktop recording tool, which is compatable with MAC iOS systems.

    Currently ADA compliant captioning can also be created with both Kaltura: My Media and YouTube captioning tools. 

  • Tips for Making Good Course Videos
    • Plan 10-15 minute lectures on specific topics
    • Practice using technology to record and save video
    • Align video topics to course learning outcomes
    • Plan for captioning/transcript creation in project timeline

What do I do to make sure my video lectures are accessible?

Educational institutions that receive federal funding must comply with the ADA requirements for online educational materials. Currently UA supports two video hosting services that assist in the creation of captioning on video.

UA Kaltura is a video hosting software accessible though the UA Learn account. In Kaltura, videos can be hosted, added to courses and has a "machine-captioning" software that auto-captions uploaded video and allows for editing of the captions. YouTube, accessible through UA Google Apps for Education, also provides "auto-captioning" software that creates captions and a transcript that can be easily edited, if needed. Note that both automatic captioning programs claim up to 70% accuracy, it is best practice to plan editing time into your video project plan. For more information and assistance with video captioning see: UAA Teaching Academy: Accessible Content ~ Video

Bibliography & References

Bowen, J., Watson, C. (2017). Teaching Naked Techniques, A Practical Guide to Designing Better Classes. San Francisco: Jossy-Bass. 

Higher Education Compliance Alliance. (n.d.). Disabilities and Accommodations. Retrieved from:

     http://www.higheredcompliance.org/resources/disabilities-accommodations.html

Rose, K. K., (2009). Student Perceptions of the Use of Instructor-Made Videos in Online and Face-to-Face Classes. MERLOT Journal of

     Online Learning and Teaching. Retrieved from: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol5no3/rose_0909.htm

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